The years taken to defeat the South can just as well be ascribed to the missteps and blunders of Union commanders as to the genius of Robert E. The latter was a major general and aide-de-camp to the Confederate President Jefferson Davisand involved in defending Richmond, Virginia.
It was natural to rationalize the Confederacy's defeat as the inevitable result of overwhelming odds, and to conclude that Lee, who had held off the North for so long, had to be a great general. Lee who immediately took charge and attacked, trying to make up for his numbers with his audacity.
On September 1,he became superintent of the U.
The "grey" was because he wore the grey uniform of the Confederate soldier and rode a grey horse. Lee committed an error common to military leaders at this stage of the war: It was found in and granted.
When Johnston went down with wounds it was easy for Davis to replace him with General R. Lee is perhaps the most iconic and most widely respected of all Civil War commanders. During the last five years of his life, he served as President of Washington College in Lexington, Virginia, and he was indicted for treason though never brought to trial.
Louis waterfront and worked on coastal forts in Brunswick and Savannah. A few years later his dad went to the West Indies and never returned.
The school was later renamed Washington and Lee. Confederate forces then might swing around the flanks of the demoralized Union soldiers, cut off their retreat and line of supply, and force them to surrender. His goal was not to take northern territory, but to hurry the Army of the Potomac into a showdown.
The first-hand account provides a valuable source of information on day-to-day life at Arlington House during his youth, and includes many items of interest regarding his father's entire life. She and Robert used this room as the master bedroom after their marriage.
McClellan that was threatening Richmond inhe tried to assemble a sufficiently strong force for Lt. But these facts cannot take away from the remarkable, brilliant, extraordinary war that he fought over the hills and fields of Virginia, Maryland, and Pennsylvania a century and a third ago.
Lee and his most trusted lieutenant, Gen. It was during this time that the secession movment began, and Lee had to evaluate his position as a Whig devoted to the Union and as a Virginian.
No one needed to tell him what it meant. Lee himself made many errors. He fought to the bitter end, and that end came on April 9,when he surrendered to General Ulysses S.
Marriage and family[ edit ] Rob married twice. Lee told Union General Ulysses S. Although Lee did not want to fight a defensive war, he was in fact far more gifted in conducting it than offensive war. Lee has been charged with being too bloody-minded, of fighting on even when he must have known that his cause was lost.
Whatever his reason, the Seven Days showed both his capacity for maneuver and surprise and his willingness to sustain significant losses in pursuit of victory, traits that would arise again.
Until he could pin that down it would have been irresponsible to mount any offensive. Three days later, there was no word from Stuart and no reliable information as to where he was.
He was protesting slavery in the South and was hoping to start up a revolt among the slaves. Arsenal and Armory at Harpers Ferry, Virginia now West Virginiain October occurred while Lee was at his home on extended leave in Arlington, Virginia, he was placed in command of a detachment of marines and, with Second Lieutenant J.
Arsenal and Armory at Harpers Ferry, Virginia now West Virginiain October occurred while Lee was at his home on extended leave in Arlington, Virginia, he was placed in command of a detachment of marines and, with Second Lieutenant J. When Lee entered the western end of the Cashtown Pass on the morning of July 1, everything was going according to the new plan.
Lee's greatest victory was the Battle of Chancellorsville in May of At the start of the war, Lee's nickname was "Granny Lee" because people thought he commanded like an old woman.
Stuart departed with most of his riders early on the morning of June He died in Lexington of heart disease on October 12, Henry Heth was supposed to be investigating reports of Federal horsemen in the town of Gettysburg.
He had become a symbol of Southern resistance to the Union armies and was made an icon of the Lost Cause in the post-war South. Army commander, attached Captain Robert E.Arlington House, The Robert E. Lee Memorial, also known as the Custis–Lee Mansion, is a Greek revival mansion in Arlington, Virginia, that was once Lee's home.
It overlooks the Potomac River and the National Mall in Washington, D.C. Robert E. Lee was a proficient artist who loved to paint. He also loved learning and studied ancient classical Greek, Latin, French and Spanish literature, as well as Arabian poetry.
Watch video · Robert E. Lee Biography General (–) Robert E. Lee was the leading Confederate general during the U.S. Civil War and has been venerated as a. Watch video · Robert E. Lee Biography General (–) Robert E. Lee was the leading Confederate general during the U.S.
Civil War and has been venerated as a. Robert E. Lee Contributions By Diana Akiri-Located in Tennessee -the Union won this battle Shiloh (Pittsburgh Landing) Antietam-Located in Maryland-The union ended up winning this battle. -Lee started in Sharpsburg,Maryland on September 17,He had counterattacks that sweap back and forth -These were morning assaults.
Robert E. Lee Living historian Frank Orlando describes the life and accomplishments of Robert E. Lee.
This video is part of the American Battlefield Trust's In4 video series, which presents short videos on basic Civil War topics.Download