Having an actual ignorant roommate or a classmate look over your paper to raise objections, and to spot obscure passages, can be very helpful. To call something a pleasure is not only to report a state of mind but also to endorse it to others.
We should also keep in mind Aristotle's statement in the Politics that the political community is prior to the individual citizen—just as the whole body is prior to any of its parts a18— Because each party benefits the other, it is advantageous to form such friendships.
Those who are defective in character may have Aristotle friendship thesis rational skill needed to achieve their ends—the skill Aristotle calls cleverness a23—8 —but often the ends they seek are worthless. One example of where the thesis can be applied is in the situation of self-defense.
The next level of friendship is the friendship based solely on pleasure. All free males are born with the potential to become ethically virtuous and practically wise, but to achieve these goals they must go through two stages: The right amount is not some quantity between zero and the highest possible level, but rather the amount, whatever it happens to be, that is proportionate to the seriousness of the situation.
Please e-mail me the topic of your paper and your thesis statement by Thurs. Perhaps he thinks that no reason can be given for being just, generous, and courageous. Aristotle assumes that when someone systematically makes bad decisions about how to live his life, his failures are caused by psychological forces that are less than fully rational.
To show that A deserves to be our ultimate end, one must show that all other goods are best thought of as instruments that promote A in some way or other. He is convinced that the loss of this private sphere would greatly detract from a well-lived life, but he is hard put to explain why.
Aristotle said that all people are composed of a combination of vice bad character traits and virtue good character traits. Book VII of the Nicomachean Ethics is identical to Book VI of the Eudemian Ethics; for unknown reasons, the editor of the former decided to include within it both the treatment of pleasure that is unique to that work X.
In one of several important methodological remarks he makes near the beginning of the Nicomachean Ethics, he says that in order to profit from the sort of study he is undertaking, one must already have been brought up in good habits b4—6.
But the good is something that cannot be improved upon in this way.
By contrast, pleasure, like seeing and many other activities, is not something that comes into existence through a developmental process. This report will attempt to define each type of friendship as well as identify the role of friendship in a society.
These analogies can be taken to mean that the form of akrasia that Aristotle calls weakness rather than impetuosity always results from some diminution of cognitive or intellectual acuity at the moment of action.
The arithmetic mean between 10 and 2 is 6, and this is so invariably, whatever is being counted. He says, not that happiness is virtue, but that it is virtuous activity.
Aristotle thinks of the good person as someone who is good at deliberation, and he describes deliberation as a process of rational inquiry. Second, Aristotle is willing to say that what seems pleasant to some people may in fact not be pleasant b31—2just as what tastes bitter to an unhealthy palate may not be bitter.
It will most likely be said that she is brave and that she did what was right given the situation. Although Aristotle frequently draws analogies between the crafts and the virtues and similarly between physical health and eudaimoniahe insists that the virtues differ from the crafts and all branches of knowledge in that the former involve appropriate emotional responses and are not purely intellectual conditions.
Rather, his point is that there is no way of telling what is genuinely pleasurable and therefore what is most pleasurable unless we already have some other standard of value.A summary of Book VIII in Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics.
Learn exactly what happened in this chapter, scene, or section of Nicomachean Ethics and what it means. Perfect for acing essays, tests, and quizzes, as well as for writing lesson plans.
Aristotle understood the importance of friendship, books VIII and IX of the Nicomachean Ethics deal solely with friendship. A modern day definition of a friend can be defined as "one joined to another in intimacy and mutual benevolence independently of sexual or family love"/5(6).
Aristotle on Friendship Friendship is a bond in which many individuals make every effort to achieve, although the meaning of it is not known to them. Individuals surround themselves with other humans, their friends, in order to achieve a greater happiness.
Related Documents: Aristotle and Friendship Essay Aristotle on Friendship Essay. Aristotle on Friendship (From the Nichomachean Ethics) Now these reasons differ from each other in kind; so, therefore, do the corresponding forms of love and friendship.
Virtue and Aristotle Essays. Aristotle: Ethics and the Virtues The Goal of Ethics. The Nicomachean Ethics is the name normally given to Aristotle's best known work on ethics. The work consists of ten books and is understood to be based on notes from his lectures at the Lyceum, which were perhaps edited by or dedicated to Aristotle's son, Nicomachus.
This thesis will examine Aristotle’s understanding of friendship in the Nicomachean Ethics by analyzing its features and its implications on relations of individuals within .Download